everything you need to know about skin reactions from waxing and sugaring

LEARN THE CAUSES AND TREATMENTS FOR HISTAMINE REACTIONS, INGROWN HAIRS,  BACTERIAL REACTIONS, AND MORE.

When we wax or even when we sugar, our bodies are put through trauma. Don’t let that scare you, because for the most part, the results that we get from waxing are worth it. We are damaging the hair follicles, causing hair to grow back slower.  When we wax, we are also removing dead skin as well as some live skin cells from the surface of your skin.  The stress that hair removal can induce on your body may occasionally cause some different types of reactions.  

Skin reactions from waxing or sugaring  are not common, but they do happen, and we should be prepared with what to expect and how to treat them.  Sugar Me Wax’s aestheticians are highly trained in skin care treatment and know what to do in the case of a reaction.  Should you have a reaction of any sort, it is important to call or text immediately and we will put you in touch with one of our expert aestheticians who will know exactly what to do.  

 

The following is a list of skin reactions that may occur during waxing or sugaring:

1) Histamine Reactions
2) Ingrown Hairs
3) Redness
4) Perifolliccular Edema
5) Bacterial Infection

Histamine Reaction:

What is it?  First off, experiencing a histamine reaction does not mean that you are allergic to the wax or sugar product. Creating histamine is one way the body protects itself against the stress of a perceived attack. A histamine reaction is easily identified by a rash that presents itself as welts or bumps. This reaction will happen very quickly after waxing and may be present in as little as 2-3 hours after your wax or sugar. Histamine is very helpful and it works by enlarging the blood vessels and making them easier to penetrate. The body then swells and protects the affected area. It is the increase in size of the blood vessels that also additionally creates erythema, which is reddening of the skin.

How long does it last? Histamine reactions generally only last a few hours.

How to treat it? Not everyone will experience a histamine reaction, but if you do, it can be treated either with an antihistamine cream (such as Benadryl) or by taking an antihistamine orally before your wax.  We have learned that if an antihistamine cream is applied directly after treatment, the discomfort can be greatly reduced. Feel free to bring the cream with you to your appointment and have the aesthetician apply it. If you are someone who seeks a more natural approach, Lavender is an essential oil with anti inflammatory properties, and it’s gentle enough that it can be applied to the skin. Please be advised that the more consistent you are with your waxing regimen, the less likely you'll be to experience histamine reactions (a great way to stay consistent is our membership program: only $37.99/mo for a Brazilian wax!)

 

Ingrown Hair:

ingrown Hairs Diagram

What is it?  Ingrown hair occurs when the hair below the skin’s surface isn’t able to exit the skin’s surface.  The hair continues to grow underneath the surface.  

We can classify ingrown hairs into three levels of severity:

Light: hair  appearing just below the surface of the skin. Treat with mechanical exfoliation and tweezers.  Typically lasts a few days.  

Medium:  Ingrown hairs are deep and cause swelling around the infected area.  Treat with mechanical and chemical exfoliation. Supplement with the Perfect Peach treatment if needed.  Typically lasts 1-2 weeks but may last longer if not properly treated.  

Severe Ingrown Hair With Cyst

Severe Ingrown Hair With Cyst

Severe:  Ingrown hair occurs frequently and in multiple areas beneath the skin’s surface.  If left untreated, there may be hardening of the skin above the ingrown, making it very difficult to extract.  We recommend our clients treat weekly with the Perfect Peach kit as well as daily mechanical and chemical exfoliation.  Duration may vary and the ingrowns may stay below the surface for months if not properly treated.  Severe ingrowns may also cause cysts to form like the one shown in the picture below:

How long does it last? Depends on severity (see above)

How is it treated?  Treatment requires prevention and after-care work as described below:

Prevention:  Proper waxing techniques can do a lot to alleviate ingrown hairs. A skilled wax or sugar technician will remove the hair from the root, and not just break them below the surface of the skin.  This technique significantly reduces the chances of ingrown hairs.  Daily exfoliation also helps prepare the skin to be waxed.  
After-care: The two most common types of aftercare:  mechanical and chemical exfoliation.  Exfoliation means removing the non-living skin cells on the skin’s outermost surface.  Removing this outer layer of skin allows for an easier path for the hair to exit the skin.  While mechanical exfoliation works on the surface of the skin, chemical exfoliation works on a cellular level to promote healthy cell regeneration.  Utilizing both mechanical and chemical exfoliation will significantly reduce and can even eliminate ingrown hair.  
Perfect_Peach_Treatmetn

The Perfect Peach Ingrown Hair Treatment:

Sugar Me offers a product that we really find helpful for the reduction of  ingrown hair called The Perfect Peach.  The treatment is applied after your wax or sugaring.  Although the treatment is designed for the Brazilian Wax area, the treatment can be applied to any area of skin with ingrown hairs.  The skin is cleansed with a lactic acid wash, then European clay is applied. The clay helps to purge the skin of impurities.  We then apply a moisturizing product that also contains lactic acid to further assist the exfoliation process. The kit is available for purchase and should be applied once a week.  We have seen incredible results using this kit at the salon and recommend it to anyone who struggles with ingrown hair.  The full kit costs $100 and includes a 30-minute treatment in the salon along with instructions for home care.

 

Redness:

Redness After Waxing

Redness After Waxing

What is it?   Wax is warm, therefore the heat can cause the skin to turn pink or red. This is more pronounced in skin that is pale and considered reactive.

How long does it last?  This reaction is very temporary. Reactive skin is simply defined as skin that responds to stimulus. If your skin is red solely from the change in temperature, it will dissipate quickly.

How to treat it?  A cooling and soothing gel is applied right after treatment in the salon.  Aloe Vera, or other soothing botanicals can also be applied at home.

How to treat it? A cooling and soothing gel is applied right after treatment in the salon.  Aloe Vera, or other soothing botanicals can also be applied at home.

 

Perifollicular Edema:

What is it? Perifollicular is defined as the area surrounding the hair follicle. Edema translates to swelling. Essentially, it’s inflammation around the hair follicles.  This is actually a clinical end point of waxing and is nothing at all alarming. Perifollicular edema presents itself as small, red bumps where hair was removed.

How long does it last?  Perifollicular Edema dissipates quickly.  Typically within 24 hours.  

How to treat it?  In most cases, you do not need to treat it at all, it will go away on its own.  Applying a soothing gel like Aloe Vera may help.

 

Bacterial Reaction:

White pustules mark the bacterial infection.  

White pustules mark the bacterial infection.  

What is it?  Bacterial reactions present themselves with tiny white pustules on the skin.  They look like whiteheads.  While a histamine reaction will present itself almost immediately, a bacterial reaction will generally take two to three days before it presents itself.

How long does it last?  The pustules can be irritating and last up to 2 weeks if not properly treated.

How to treat it?   The best way to treat it is by preventing it! Bacterial reactions happen when we touch our silky-smooth, freshly waxed skin. We advise our clients not to touch freshly waxed skin. If you are a man getting a chest or back wax, it's advisable to bring a clean shirt to change into after your treatment. We also recommend using an antibacterial/antimicrobial ointment to eliminate bacteria in the affected area (like Polysporin). Abstaining from saunas, steam rooms, swimming pools, hot tubs, sexual activity, exercise, and anything that can introduce bacteria to the affected area for the first 24 hours after your wax is strongly advised.